Models

Hanami's model domain is implemented in a way that separates the behavior that we want to express (entities) from the persistence layer (repositories and database). This design helps keep the interface of our objects small and therefore keeps them fast and reusable.

Basic Usage

To explain the basic usage, we use a PostgreSQL database.

As first step, we generate the model:

% bundle exec hanami generate model book
      create  lib/bookshelf/entities/book.rb
      create  lib/bookshelf/repositories/book_repository.rb
      create  db/migrations/20170406230335_create_books.rb
      create  spec/bookshelf/entities/book_spec.rb
      create  spec/bookshelf/repositories/book_repository_spec.rb

The generator gives us an entity, a repository, a migration, and accompanying test files.

This is the generated entity:

class Book < Hanami::Entity
end

While this is the generated repository:

class BookRepository < Hanami::Repository
end

Let's edit the migration with the following code:

Hanami::Model.migration do
  change do
    create_table :books do
      primary_key :id
      column :title,      String
      column :created_at, DateTime
      column :updated_at, DateTime
    end
  end
end

Now we need to prepare the database to use it:

% bundle exec hanami db prepare

We're ready to use our repository:

% bundle exec hanami console
irb(main):001:0> book = BookRepository.new.create(title: "Hanami")
=> #<Book:0x007f95ccefb320 @attributes={:id=>1, :title=>"Hanami", :created_at=>2016-11-13 15:49:14 UTC, :updated_at=>2016-11-13 15:49:14 UTC}>

Learn more about repositories, entities, migrations, and database CLI commands.


Prev: Views - Testing
Next: Models - Database Configuration
Looking for Lotus? We renamed the project and it's now called Hanami. Read the announcement.